I found it fascinating that Leonard emailed for the first time, after finding our DNA match, to ask if I had any information on the very topic I’d addressed the prior day! After I shared my information with him, he sent me copies of what he had, which added to my own knowledge. The documents he sent me in October 2011 included the results of three separate research projects that he had commissioned. He later copied me on the results of a fourth project in January 2012.
What more was I going to learn about our immigrant ancestor, Matthew Woodruff of Farmington, Connecticut?
|Map of Colonial Farmington, CT with Matthew Woodruff's house called out (See previous Blog entry for attribution)|
Leonard Woodruff's Resources
Price & Associates in Salt Lake City, Utah (https://www.pricegen.com/) performed the first three projects for Leonard Woodruff:
1. Search of the neighboring parishes to All Saints.
This project provided two more generations of information prior to Matthew Senior, with the location of records in the Parish Register of the St Vigor parish in Fulbourn, Cambridgeshire; the Archdeaconry Court of Ely Administration; and the Lay Subsidies of Fulbourn. They provided a transcription of the Will of Matthew Senior’s grandfather, John Woodruff Senior (b bef. 1501 – d aft. 1550).
|St Vigor Fulbourn today. The tower's base is still 13th century.|
Their research revealed three references to John Woodruff in the Fulbourn Lay Subsidies, substantiating the John Woodruff connections from the first research.
|Clare College, Cambridge University|
The researchers raise the question, could he be related to the Woodrove family of Woolley?
3. Prove or disprove the Woodruff family in Cambridge is related to the immigrant Matthew.
There was little of note in this part of this commission – a reiteration of much of the previous information, true or otherwise, that has been published.
The fourth project was conducted by Dr. Karen Cummings in Haverill, Suffolk, England:
4. Search for the wills of Matthew Woodruff, bapt 11 Oct 1559 and William Woodrove, rector of St Vigor [and Master of Clare College, Cambridge University], d 1514.
She was unable to locate wills for either party.
Conclusions from Leonard’s research
|An obelisk marks the site of the old All|
Saints in Cambridge today. My own photo.
One additional connection I believe I can make between the two sets of research is the identification of a record I found but previously could not match to an individual:
➢ 1596: 16 January, burial: Mother Woodruff
Leonard’s research has identified the matriarch of the Woodruff family at the time, Alice (_____) Woodruff, wife of John Woodruff, and also that John died in 1592 with his wife surviving him. I believe we can safely attribute this burial, four years after John’s death, to Alice, wife of John.
Because the records of the parishes near All Saints, Cambridge were searched, and because other life events for Matthew in the 17th century were not located by either Leonard Woodruff’s researchers nor in my research at the SOG in 2011, further strength is given to the theory that Matthew left the region. This, in turn, lends strength to the circumstantial argument that he is the immigrant ancestor to Farmington, CT.
Additional on-line sources
More recently, additional vital statistic records from England have been compiled and put online by FamilySearch.org. These additions turned up more references to the name Matthew Woodruff (under a variety of spellings) in England during the time period in question.
There were thirty-four birth, marriage and death records that made reference to Matthew Woodruff when I last performed an online search. Of these records, only three fell within an acceptable age range for the life-events of our Matthew:[i]
➢ Matthew Woodroff, son of Matthew, born 1635, died 1638 at Tring, Hertfordshire, England – the father might be Matthew of Cambridge, moved to Tring.
➢ Matthew Woodroffe, son of Matthew, died 1681, at Wiltshire, England – he might be Matthew of Cambridge, moved to Wiltshire and dying there, rather than moving to New England.
➢ Matthew Woodroffe, died 1636, Nonington, Kent, England – this might be Matthew of Cambridge, moved to Nonington, then dying at the age of 20.
It is unlikely that Matthew from Cambridge would have moved to one of these other locations, the closest of which to Cambridge is about 60 miles. However, due diligence required a search of records to see if there were a possible connection. If one of these three indicated Matthew from Cambridge, then where would that leave us? The father of the first could still have been the immigrant ancestor, so even if we don’t connect him to Matthew of Cambridge, he might be Matthew of Farmington, adding further interest in him. The second and third clearly couldn’t be the immigrant, as they lived and died in England, whether or not they were Matthew of Cambridge.
|The documents which Leonard Lee Woodruff |
commissioned and very generously shared with me.
Tring, Hertfordshire records show that in addition to the young Matthew who died at the age of three in 1638, Matthew, his father, had at least three other children: Thomas Woodroff, b 1626; Daniel Woodroff, b 1632; and Susan Woodroff, b 1639. Given that Matthew from Cambridge was born in 1616, he could not have been the father of Thomas in 1626, so this Matthew in Tring, Hertfordshire (the closest of the three locations to Cambridge) is clearly not the Cambridge Matthew. Additionally, Matthew of Tring would have been born no later than 1605 or so, which makes him too old to be Matthew of Farmington.
Turning to Wiltshire, the fact that the deceased is “Matthew, son of Matthew” seems compelling. If he were the Cambridge Matthew, he would have been 65 years old or so at his death in Wiltshire in 1681. In searching the Wiltshire records for Matthew Woodruff, we discover that Matthew Woodroffe of Calne, Wiltshire had five children, the eldest, Thomas Woodroffe, born in 1631. If this same Matthew were the Cambridge Matthew, he would have been 15 years old at the time of this son’s birth. This is not unknown, but it is very unlikely that a 15 year old would move over 100 miles from home and start having children in rapid succession. My conclusion is that this “Matthew, son of Matthew” who died in 1681 would have to have been born by 1610 or so to match the birth date of his son Thomas. We, therefore, eliminate this Matthew from contention for the Matthew in Cambridge.
Looking at the Nonington, Kent Matthew Woodroffe, we calculate that if this were the Cambridge Matthew, moved to Kent, he would have been about 20 years old when he died in 1636. In researching the records of Kent, we find that Matthew Woodroffe was born in 1577 in Sandwich, Kent, 6 miles from Nonington, location of the death record from 1636, making him about age 59 at the time of his death. In addition, we find two children for Matthew Woodroffe: John in 1604 (theorized to be the Long Island immigrant ancestor, the other major Woodruff branch) and Martha in 1606. Matthew would have been age 26 to 29 at their births, so the records coincide and eliminate him from contention.
This leaves us still with Matthew Woodruff of Cambridge. Even with the new records available online, he still cannot be traced to any life events in England beyond his birth in 1616. This further increases the likelihood that he is the immigrant ancestor, with the following pedigree.
|A marvelous map of Cambridge in 1575. See end notes for souce information.|
Matthew Woodruff, born 1616 in Cambridge can be traced as follows (lineal descendant names have been contemporized – John from Johannes, Matthew from Mathue, and Woodruff from Woodroofe, Woodrove, etc.) [See previous notes for specific sources]:
A JOHN WOODRUFF, b bef 1501 at Fulbourn, Cambridgeshire, England; d aft April 1550 at Fulbourn. He married Alice _____ abt 1520, prob Fulbourn. She was b bef 1501 and d aft Apr 1550, both prob Fulbourn. John Woodruff had a brother, William Woodruff (see note), named in his will.
Children of John [A] and Alice (_____) Woodruff:
- John Woodruff [B], b bef 1524, d 1592, both at Fulbourn.
- Dorothy Woodruff, b bef 1530 at Fulbourn.
- Elizabeth Woodruff, b bef 1530 at Fulbourn.
- Margerye Woodruff, b bef 1530 at Fulbourn.Ursula Woodruff, b bef 1530 at Fulbourn.
- George Woodruff, b 1530-1540 at Fulbourn.
- William Woodruff, b 1530-1540 at Fulbourn.
- Edward Woodruff, b 1530-1540 at Fulbourn.
- John Woodruff, b 1530-1540 at Fulbourn.
NOTE: One of their daughters married Jasper Swanne.
B JOHN WOODRUFF (John[A]), bap bef 1524, d 1592 both at Fulbourn. John married circa 1542 at Fulbourn, Alice _____, b abt 1529, bur 16 January 1596/7, All Saints, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England.
Children of John [B] and Alice (_____) Woodruff:
C MATTHEW WOODRUFF (John [B,A]), bapt 11 Oct 1559 at St Vigor, Fulbourn, bur 31 Dec 1632 at All Saints, Cambridge. Matthew married 12 April 1591 at All Saints, Cambridge, Margaret Sanders, prob b abt 1564 at Cambridge.
- William Woodruff, bapt 30 Jan 1543/4 at St Vigor, Fulbourn.
- Edward Woodruff, bapt 10 Oct 1547 at St Vigor, Fulbourn, married 23 November 1574 Elizabeth Gunton at All Saints, Cambridge.
- Matthew Woodruff [C], bapt 11 Oct 1559 at St Vigor, Fulbourn, bur 31 Dec 1632 at All Saints, Cambridge.
Children of Matthew [C] and Margaret (Sanders) Woodruff
D MATTHEW WOODRUFF (Matthew [C], John [B,A]), bapt 28 July 1616 at All Saints, Cambridge, d aft 6 September 1682 at Farmington. Matthew married by 1642, place unknown, Hannah _____, b circa 26 February 1624/5, d aft 6 Sep 1682.
- Grace Woodruff, bapt 9 August 1590 at All Saints, Cambridge.
- Edward Woodruff, bapt 18 June 1592, bur 20 Sept 1639 both at All Saints, Cambridge. Edward married 26 December 1620 at St Giles, Cambridge, Sarah Ivory.
- Margaret Woodruff, bapt 26 December 1593 at All Saints, Cambridge.
- Elizabeth Woodruff, bapt 14 December 1595 at All Saints, Cambridge.
- Annis Woodruff (daughter), bapt 19 Feb 1597/8 at All Saints, Cambridge.
- Dorothy Woodruff, bapt 13 Jan 1599/1600, bur 8 April 1609, both at All Saints, Cambridge.
- Jone Woodruff (daughter), bapt 4 July 1602 at All Saints, Cambridge.
- Infant (son), bur 21 April 1604 at All Saints Cambridge.
- Meldred Woodruff (son), bapt 24 February 1604/5, d 5 July 1605, both at All Saints, Cambridge.
- Ann Woodruff, bapt 24 August 1606 at All Saints, Cambridge. Ann married 24 August 1635 at All Saints, Cambridge, Daniel Claxton.
- George Woodruff, bapt 8 January 1608/9 at All Saints, Cambridge. George married 13 March 1636/7 at St Peters, Cambridge, Isabell Hill.
- John Woodruff, bapt 23 June 1611 at All Saints, Cambridge. John married 3 May 1636 at St Giles, Cambridge, Elizabeth (Freeman?).
- Grace Woodruff, bapt 30 January 1613/14 at All Saints, Cambridge.
- Matthew Woodruff, [D] bapt 28 July 1616 at All Saints, Cambridge, d aft 6 September 1682 at Farmington, Hartford, Connecticut. (Presumed to be the immigrant ancestor)
Several next steps to pursue in this research:
1. Continue to review English records, as more become accessible, to continue to attempt to identify any life events for Matthew Woodruff in 17th century England.
2. Continue to try to link the rector at St Vigor Fulbourn, Cambridgeshire, William Woderove, with the Matthew Woodruff family of Cambridge, some of whom were associated with St Vigor one generation later. If a connection can be established, then the question posed by the researcher hired by Leonard Woodruff needs to be pursued: could this William be connected to the Woolley Woodruff family?
Process of elimination is an important tool in performing genealogical research. Even though I thought I had a good circumstantial argument for Matthew of Cambridge as my immigrant ancestor in 2011, subsequent records published online provided proof of three individuals named Matthew Woodruff who clearly did not migrate to the Colonies. I had to see if any of these individuals corresponded to the Cambridge Matthew – if there was a possibility that the Matthew from Cambridge was, indeed one of those who left a trail of records in England, then my theory would be proven wrong. I also had to see if any of these newly-identified records could be connected to Matthew of Farmington, Connecticut – could one of these be the immigrant ancestor instead of Matthew of Cambridge?
Looking at each of these individuals, searching for their children, their birth and death records and correlating with their locations in England all provided compelling arguments that they were not Matthew from Cambridge. Two proofs were made through a simple correlation of the dates of their oldest child’s birth. The Cambridge Matthew would have been too young to father the first and would have been too young to marry to father the second. The third was even easier – he fathered children before the Cambridge Matthew was born – plus I was able to find his birth record, so his story (which is likely relevant to the Long Island Woodruff line) was nicely filled in.
Additionally, I was able to prove that none were the immigrant ancestor. One because he would have been too old to be our Matthew of Farmington and the other two because their English death records were located, so they weren’t Matthew of Farmington, who clearly died in Connecticut.
By examining these individuals and searching out their live events, the theory that Matthew in Cambridge is the immigrant ancestor is strengthened.
[i] Sources for all of the records in this section: England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975 and England Deaths and Burials, 1538-1991; Salt Lake City, UT, FamilySearch.org 2013
1575 Map source: St Giles' Church, Cambridge. (2017, June 27). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 18:24, August 10, 2017, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=St_Giles%27_Church,_Cambridge&oldid=787758113